Used as a screening instrument, high scores on the EPS do a good job of distinguishing individuals who have a history of a major depression disorder from those who do not.

“Futurism” is a shorthand term for the field of “futures studies,” which one author has defined as “the study of postulating possible, probable, and preferable futures and the worldviews and myths that underlie them.”*

I have been actively involved in futures studies since the mid-1980s, when I wrote the first white paper on the possible application of artificial intelligence expert systems in the advertising industry.

In the 1990s and 2000s, my interest in futurism took the form of theory development and research in three areas of academic study:

  • The worldview construct. A worldview encompasses the assumptions that individuals and cultures have about reality and life. I developed the first comprehensive theory of worldview, as well as an instrument to assess some aspects of personal worldview.

  • The potential social and psychological consequences of future developments in technology, including virtual reality and augmented cognition.

  • “The psychology of future issues,” that is, the societal effects of such trends as increasing longevity and climate change.

Since 2010, I have focused on bringing a futurist perspective, both to my business interests, and to writing for the general public.

My forthcoming and recent work with a futurist perspective include the following:

Business Projects

  • Virtual reality home entertainment. I have developed a proprietary method for the development and enjoyment of virtual reality as home entertainment.

  • Psychiatric screen technology. I have developed a screening instrument for major psychiatric disorders. I plan to deploy this through wireless technology, making it available to every general medical practitioner and medical facility in the world.

Potential investors are welcome to use the Contact tab above.

Writing for the General Public

  • Book, Building Our Own Executioners. Using insights from evolutionary psychology and artificial intelligence theory, I make the case that the development of “hard” (that is, self-aware and autonomous) artificial intelligence would inevitably result in the destruction of the human race. I describe ways to mitigate this threat without stifling the development of artificial intelligence technology.

  • Book, The Compact. Global society is under threat from the rise of militant Islamism, that is, the belief that Muslims must work to establish fundamentalist Islamic hegemony in politics and religion, by violent means if necessary. Within the United States, the domains of education, politics, and civil rights are under threat from what I call “Christianism,” the belief that (a) there should be no separation of Church and State, (b) Christians should work to establish Christian domination of the political domain, and (c) a simplistic reading of the Bible should inform the teaching of science and the withholding of civil rights or legal guarantees from women and sexual minorities. Both of these forms of extremism share a similar worldview, and they require civilized nations to take action to protect and promote Enlightenment-era values, in their own nations and throughout the world. I describe actions that individuals and nations can take to further the preservation of the values that have done the most to build what is good in Western civilization.

  • Book, Why We Must Go to the Stars. Human existence on our home world is under threat from so many different directions (climate change; bioterrorism; celestial events, etc.) that we must colonize planets in other star systems in order to ensure the continuation of the human race. I explain why this is so, and describe how individuals can help further the effort of interstellar colonization within our lifetimes.

Publishers and author representatives are welcome to use the Contact tab above.

Academic Publications and Presentations Since 2000

Worldview theory and application

  • Koltko-Rivera, M. E. (2004). The psychology of worldviews. Review of General Psychology, 8, 3-58. doi: 10.1037/1089-2680.8.1.3 . Available online at and

  • Koltko-Rivera, M. E., Ganey, H. C. N., Dalton, J., & Hancock, P. A. (2004). Worldview and acculturation as predictors of performance: Addressing these variables in human factors/ergonomics research. In Proceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society, 48, 1223-1227. Available online.


  • Koltko-Rivera, M. E. (2006, Spring). Worldviews, families, and grand theories: Strategies for unification in psychology. The General Psychologist, 41(1), 11-14. Available online.

  • Koltko-Rivera, M. E. (2006). Rediscovering the later version of Maslow's hierarchy of needs: Self-transcendence and opportunities for theory, research, and unification. Review of General Psychology, 10, 302-317. doi: 10.1037/1089-2680.10.4.302 . Available online.

  • Koltko-Rivera, M. E. (2006-2007, Winter). Religions influence worldviews; worldviews influence behavior: A model with research agenda. Psychology of Religion Newsletter, 32(1), 1-10. Available online

  • Koltko-Rivera, M. E. (2007). The worldview construct and peace psychology. Peace Psychology, 16(1), 27-28. Available online.

  • Koltko-Rivera, M. E. (2007, August). What are cognitive structures? Are worldviews cognitive structures? Paper presented at APA meeting, San Francisco, CA.

  • Koltko-Rivera, M. E. (2008, August). Analysis of worldviews underlying different approaches to counseling and psychotherapy. Poster presented at APA meeting, Boston. Abstract available online.

Societal impact of future technology

  • Koltko-Rivera, M. E. (2005). The potential societal impact of virtual reality. In K. M. Stanney & M. Zyda (Eds.), Advances in virtual environments technology: Musings on design, evaluation, and applications. Volume 9 in G. Salvendy (Series Ed.), HCI International 2005: 11th International Conference on Human-Computer Interaction [CD-ROM, unpaginated]. Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum. Available online

  • Koltko-Rivera, M. E. (2005). The potential societal impact of augmented cognition. In G. Salvendy (Ed.), HCI International 2005: 11th International Conference on Human-Computer Interaction [CD-ROM, unpaginated]. Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum.

The psychology of future issues

  • Koltko-Rivera, M. E. (2005, August). Psychology of some 21st century issues: Longevity, genetic engineering, hardship. In M. E. Koltko-Rivera (Chair), 21st century psychology—Selected issues, methods, and areas of focus. Symposium conducted at APA meeting, Washington, DC. 


*Wikipedia article, "Futures Studies," retrieved 19 February 2015.

Mark Koltko-Rivera